Concept and Principles of Responsive Web Design


Concept and Principles of Responsive Web DesignResponsive Web design is the strategy that indicates that development and design should reply to the consumer’s behavior and surroundings based on screen size, platform, and orientation. 

As the user switches from their laptop to iPad, the website should automatically switch to accommodate for resolution, picture dimensions, and scripting abilities. 

The concept of Responsive Web Design 

Responsive web design becomes quite clear if you take a moment to analyze and understand the intricacies of the contemporary net and mobile technology, and implementing responsive design is simpler than you may think. 

The number of those devices has increased exponentially, which in turn has improved the variety of browsers specifications and display resolutions. 

There is a wide variety of information on responsive web design available all over the Internet, and a lot of information is abstract, philosophical, and anecdotal. If you’re looking for a tidy, concrete understanding of the base of responsive web design, it comes down to below methods that all work in conjunction: 

Responsive web designFluid Images 

There are a couple issues that crop up with flexible media but the biggest issue is around ratio that’s a knock-on effect from defining height and width on the component itself. Since the viewport grows larger the contained image/video/iframe grows wider too, which means that it needs to grow taller also. 

What’s the best method to design a website that will be looked at on countless different display sizes, some of which might not even exist yet? The ideal approach is not one comprising catering to specific devices; it’s one that more generally makes your layout scalable, adaptive, and adaptable to screens of all sizes, even sizes which are yet to become popular. 

There are few points to make it responsive – 

If the maximum width of the image is set to 100 percent of the screen width or the browser then the overall screening width diminishes, the image will scale down proportionally. 

Another method that aims not just to resize images, but also to decrease the resolution of images on smaller devices in order to not waste space, loading time, and expensive mobile bandwidth on more small mobile screens. 

Media Queries 

Media Queries are possibly the most important tool a web designer has to create their sites responsively

Concept and Principles of Responsive Web DesignThis set of rules enables developers to create fluid layouts that accommodate without distortion or loss of quality to the viewer’s device. It is great to point out that this set of guidelines (or principles) ought to be stored in a separate CSS stylesheet from the one where there are those for the general style (which is usually named style.css). 

Media questions help take into consideration multiple display possibilities and, as a result, the organized style rules can be modified quickly and easily. 

Principles of Responsive Web Design 

Responsive website design is a great solution to our multi-screen problem, but getting into it in the printing standpoint is difficult. No page size, no millimeters or inches, regardless of actual limitations to resist against. Designing in pixels for Desktop and Mobile just is also the past, as a growing number of gadgets may open up a website.

Therefore, let’s clarify some basic principles of responsive web design here in order to adopt the fluid web, instead of fighting it. 

Proper use of Breakpoints

Breakpoints allow the layout to change at predefined factors, i.e. having 3 columns on a desktop, but just 1 column onto a mobile device. Most CSS properties could be changed from 1 breakpoint into another. Usually where you put one is determined by the content. If a sentence breaks, then you might have to add a breakpoint. But use them with caution — it may get cluttered quickly when it’s difficult to understand what’s affecting what. 

Concept and Principles of Responsive Web DesignFluid Grids 

When a design is coded in relative proportions of the components on the webpage, this layout is known as a “fluid grid”. Traditionally, a CSS layout uses fixed width grids to place each element online page. This fixed-width approach is no longer viable today since there are many displays, from phone screens to HDTV displays. Now, each component is given a relative size or percent instead of particular heights and widths. 

Mobile or Desktop First 

Technically there isn’t a great deal of difference if a job is started from a smaller display to a bigger or vice versa. Yet it provides additional limitations and makes it possible to make decisions if you start with mobile. Frequently people start from both ends at once, so really, go and see what works best for you. 


Every single consumer should be able to get every single piece of information on your page in the simplest manner possible. The text ought to be readable on all display sizes. The colors should be appealing, yet not harsh on the eyes. Do not let the content be overpowered by the background. The plan should have visual harmony and balance with all the color scheme as well as contrast. 

Nested objects 

Remember the comparative position? With a lot of elements based on each other would be difficult to control. So, wrapping elements in a container retain it way more clear, tidy and clean. This is where static units like pixels can help. They are useful for articles that you don’t wish to scale, like logos and buttons. 

Bitmap images vs Vectors 

Concept and Principles of Responsive Web DesignIs it true that your icon possess a lot of details and some fancy effects applied? If yes, use a bitmap. If not, consider employing a vector picture. Each has some advantages and some drawbacks. However, remember the dimensions — no graphics should go online without optimization. Vectors on the other hand often are tiny, but some older browsers won’t support it. Furthermore, if it’s lots of curves, it may be heavier than a bitmap, so select wisely.